The Mathematics of Gerrymandering
Gerrymandering is the process of defining the boundaries of a voting district to give one party an unfair advantage over all other parties. While voting districts have been gerrymandered for quite some time in the United States, the issue of gerrymandering has recently come to the forefront of political discussions. Mathematics can be used to measure how irregular a voting district is and to also make suggestions about proposed redistricting. In this project, students will study mathematics that can be used to counteract the process of gerrymandering. After gaining a solid mathematical foundation, students will then work to generate redistricting schemes for Texas congressional districts and will measure the irregularity of each scheme.